Author Archives: thegreenreporter

Mangrove campaigners battle to save the ‘roots of the sea’

“Mangroves sustain the people who sustain the mangroves”

~Pisit Charnsnah, the founder and director of Thailand’s Yadfon Foundation


This is an article written by Alfredo Quardo, the executive director of Mangrove Action Project (MAP). He remind the public on the important of mangrove. He mentioned how the mangrove benefits the people and how the mangrove was deforested in more rapid way than other ecosystem. He also witness in person on the illegal destruction of these precious ecosystem took place in a declared Ramar site.

He ends with a positive notes cited the co-operation between various NGOs, as well as the exciting news of Sri Lanka’s plan on giving mangrove full protection.

You can read the full article here.


Assessing the value of Singapore’s mangrove swamps


The concept of ecosystem services in conservation was increasingly being used by scientists. It is an anthropocentric approach to promote nature, by telling people how much service they provide. More debatable is a branch of ecological economist works to assess the monetary value of nature.

In Singapore, limited extent of mangroves has its value. It provides ecosystem services to public, mainly through providing a ground for education and recreation; and to a certain extent, climate regulation and coastal protection.

In this article, Dr.Dan Friess apply the concept of “ecosystem services” in discussion of Singapore’s mangroves and its value to the society.

Read the article here:

When spring tide is in, boardwalks are out

Source: The Straits Times

Published on 25th January, 2015 by Feng Zengkun

The partially submerged Mangrove Boardwalk at the reserve during the high spring tide last Friday. — Photo: Lim Yaohui for the Sunday Times

Visitors to Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve last Thursday and Friday may have found themselves closer to the water than expected.

High spring tides of up to 3.5m submerged the wooden walkway on both afternoons.

The reserve’s deputy director, Ms Sharon Chan, said such high tides occur several times a year and added that there are plans to raise the height of the reserve’s boardwalks.

“Some sections of the boardwalks may be flooded during the spring tides,” she told The Sunday Times. “On these days, signs are put up to inform visitors that the trails are closed.”

Spring tides occur when the Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned, according to the United States’ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

The gravitational pull of the Sun is “added” to the gravitational pull of the Moon on Earth, causing the oceans to bulge more than usual.

This means that the high tides are a little higher and low tides are a little lower than average.

Tide timetables on the National Environment Agency’s website show that the high tides are expected to reach 3.4m on Feb 20 slightly before noon and on Feb 21 at about 12.30pm.

Visitors to the Sungei Buloh reserve were unfazed by the occasional flooding.

“Even if you get there and some parts of it are closed, there are lots of other things you can do,” said Ms Georgina Tan, 30, a sales executive.

The reserve recently opened a new extension that includes five lookout points that give people unobstructed views of the reserve and the sea, and a gallery featuring plants and animals found in the mangroves.

Entry to the reserve is free and it is open from 7.30am to 7pm from Mondays to Saturdays, and 7am to 7pm on Sundays and public holidays. For the tidal timetable, call 6794-1401.

Concerns over impact of coastal barriers will be looked into

Source: Channel News Asia

Published on 3rd December,2014

TODAY reports: Authorities such as the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and Singapore Police Force have been involved in making sure the impact of the environment is minimised as more barricades are put up.”

SINGAPORE: With 40 per cent of Singapore’s 197km coastline to be barricaded in the coming years to beef up security, the authorities have reiterated that further studies will be conducted if there is a need to better understand the barriers’ impact on the surroundings — especially if they are near sensitive areas such as nature reserves or marine and coastal areas.

Questions on the impact of barriers being built off the Kranji and Poyan reservoirs were raised recently on the Wild Shores of Singapore blog, run by nature enthusiast Ria Tan.

The Kranji and Poyan barriers are not part of the additional 80km announced by Deputy Prime Minister Teo Chee Hean in October. Work on the barriers near the reservoirs started in August and will be completed in January 2016, a Singapore Police Force spokesperson said.

The Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and four other Government agencies had reviewed the proposal for any potential environmental concerns, a URA spokesperson told TODAY. The police is to do environmental monitoring and put in place mitigating measures such as silt control during construction.

The police were required to conduct an environmental impact assessment (EIA) for the Kranji barriers, but not for the Poyan ones.

Read the rest of this entry

Meet the stars of the bird-watching season



Birding season is here! Whether you enjoy photography or just simply enjoy watching them in their natural habitat, do some reading before you put on your binocular!

The migratory season usually starts from September until March. Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve is an important roosting and feeding ground for these migratory birds before they continue their journey to the South.

Here is some articles published by The Straits Times on migratory birds you can see in Singapore mangroves!

Read the rest of this entry

3,500 International Coastal Cleanup volunteers hit the beach in Singapore today!


Since 1992, Raffles Museum Toddycats! has been organising International Coastal Cleanup Singapore. Since the beginning, there has been  3,000 volunteers by more than 50 organisations and schools!

“This year, more than 3,500 volunteers from some 80 schools, corporate groups and agencies went to beach and mangroves of Singapore early on 13th September morning to collect, categorise and remove trash from our shores – for the 22nd year!

We chose to work the low tide this week before the rest of the world conduct their cleanups on the third Saturday of September as identified by Ocean Conservancy, the international coordinator”

Read more on their work on

Also, International Coastal Cleanup Singapore also has a Year-Round Coastal Cleanups (YRCC) programme. Organisers from schools, institutions, corporate or other groups are always welcome to organise cleanups at any other time of the year on their own with some advise from us, after reading ICCS’ Guidelines for Organisers. More information on


2014 08 09 10 08 05 ndcc kpinto attendance


Malaysia’s Mangrove Forest Rapidly Depleted And Degraded

Source: Bernama

Published on 4th September, 2013 by Jailani Hasan

LABUAN (Bernama) — Mangrove forests in Peninsula, and Sabah and Sarawak are being rapidly cleared due to the pressures from growing populations in coastal areas.

The ever changing population dynamics has led to changes in land use and over-utilization of resources.

The mangrove depletion is further exacerbated by rapid economic development in the coastal areas apart from unsustainable forest practices, land conversion/reclamation for agriculture, aquaculture, mining, industrial, port expansion, urbanisation, tourism, infrastructure development.

The news article further discuss on current trend of mangroves ecosystem in Malaysia, their threat, the implications. The author also uses Matang mangrove forest in Perak to illustrate the ingredients for successful mangrove management program.

Read the full article here:

UNEP Environmental Alert: Global Mangrove Forest Cover Fading Fast

Source: Travel Impact Newswire

Published on 22nd August, 2013

Photo 2

Nairobi, Aug 2013 – The uniquely adapted mangrove forests on the marine-terrestrial interface preserve coastline integrity by buffering wave energy from marine processes. The ecosystem services they provide and their support for coastal livelihoods worldwide are worth at least US $1.6 billion a year. Despite their global importance, mangroves are being lost rapidly and action is urgently needed to protect them.

The news article listed the findings of the report which includes the importance of mangroves, threats and progress in mangrove conservation. The article also states the implication of these findings on policy worldwide.

Read the full news article on


Coastal ecosystem for carbon storage

A newly-publish paper provides more evidence to mangrove ecosystem function as carbon sink.

This paper pointed out that conversion of the small global extent of mangroves contribute to a large proportion global carbon emission, more than that of tropical rainforest. The paper also estimated the emission of carbon from the conversion of coastal ecosystem.  The ecosystem being discussed in this paper includes tidal marsh, mangroves and seagrass.

“These coastal ecosystems are a tiny ribbon of land, only 6 percent of the land area covered by tropical forest, but the emissions from their destruction are nearly one-fifth of those attributed to deforestation worldwide,”

“One hectare, or roughly two acres of coastal marsh, can contain the same amount of carbon as 488 cars produce in a year. Comparatively, destroying a hectare of mangroves could produce as much greenhouse gas emissions as cutting down three to five hectares of tropical forest.”

Chart: Emissions from conversion of coastal ecosystems
Emissions from conversion of coastal ecosystems

CITATION: Pendleton L, Donato DC, Murray BC, Crooks S, Jenkins WA, et al. (2012) Estimating Global “Blue Carbon” Emissions from Conversion and Degradation of Vegetated Coastal Ecosystems. PLoS ONE 7(9): e43542. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043542



Mangroves should be part of solution to climate change


“…mangrove forests, which globally store 6.5 billion tons of carbon in their biomass and soils despite representing only 0.7 percent of global tropical forests.”

“The ecosystems are known to offer a number of other important services, including buffering coastlines from erosions and storms, serving as a nursery for fisheries, and providing habitat for biodiversity. Mangroves thus form the basis for livelihoods in many parts of the developing world.”

“Mangroves may already fit within the general REDD architecture”


CITATION: Juha Siikamäki, James N. Sanchirico, and Sunny L. Jardine. Global economic potential for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from mangrove loss. PNAS July 30, 2012. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1200519109