Malaysia’s Mangrove Forest Rapidly Depleted And Degraded

Source: Bernama

Published on 4th September, 2013 by Jailani Hasan

LABUAN (Bernama) — Mangrove forests in Peninsula, and Sabah and Sarawak are being rapidly cleared due to the pressures from growing populations in coastal areas.

The ever changing population dynamics has led to changes in land use and over-utilization of resources.

The mangrove depletion is further exacerbated by rapid economic development in the coastal areas apart from unsustainable forest practices, land conversion/reclamation for agriculture, aquaculture, mining, industrial, port expansion, urbanisation, tourism, infrastructure development.

The news article further discuss on current trend of mangroves ecosystem in Malaysia, their threat, the implications. The author also uses Matang mangrove forest in Perak to illustrate the ingredients for successful mangrove management program.

Read the full article here: http://www.bernama.com.my/bernama/v7/fe/newsfeatures.php?id=974683

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UNEP Environmental Alert: Global Mangrove Forest Cover Fading Fast

Source: Travel Impact Newswire

Published on 22nd August, 2013

Photo 2

Nairobi, Aug 2013 – The uniquely adapted mangrove forests on the marine-terrestrial interface preserve coastline integrity by buffering wave energy from marine processes. The ecosystem services they provide and their support for coastal livelihoods worldwide are worth at least US $1.6 billion a year. Despite their global importance, mangroves are being lost rapidly and action is urgently needed to protect them.

The news article listed the findings of the report which includes the importance of mangroves, threats and progress in mangrove conservation. The article also states the implication of these findings on policy worldwide.

Read the full news article on http://www.travel-impact-newswire.com/2013/08/unep-environmental-alert-global-mangrove-forest-cover-fading-fast/#ixzz2czKSC7Xg

 

Mangrove education at the Festival of Biodiversity 2013

It is been a while since the Squad blogged about mangroves. We have been pretty much busy with our (mangrove and non-mangrove related) work but we are back with a bang in the second half of this year. The blog will be updated more frequently this year.  We will start off with our first blog of the year (yes, you read it right!) with news on the participation of the Mangrove Action Squad in this year’s Festival of Biodiversity held in Vivocity

Last year (2012), the Squad was delighted to be part of the Festival of Biodiversity which was held in Botanic Gardens. We were pleased to be manning a mangrove station as part of the Marine exhibition section and it was great fun talking to the public about mangroves, from the mangrove species identification to mangrove conservation. The team was even more ecstatic when we were able to meet Singapore President Dr. Tony  Tan in person and gave him a little briefing about the mangrove specimens that were put on display.

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This year around, we were  part of the Festival again and  it was held in Vivocity shopping mall last weekend. The event attracted thousands of people who were interested to learn more about Singapore’s natural heritage, mangroves included.

With a more interactive display feature of our mangrove specimens, the Squad was all fired up to educate the public on our lovely muddy habitat.  We had placed interesting fact sheets and figures on display for the public and also displayed fresh mangrove leave specimens and propagules. Of course, we can’t leave our mangrove animals hence Ria(Wild Singapore) and Ley Kun (from NHC) was kind enough to loan us dead horseshoe crabs for display.

DSCF3276

BPB2Bj_CEAASvYrMelanie, one of the Squad’s volunteers had great time explaining to a family about the Nipah fruit (Picture courtesy of Ria Tan)

DSCF3236Ayesha, a Masters student from King’s College London who is currently conducting her mangrove fieldwork in Pasir Ris Park also shared  her expertise in educating the public about mangroves in Singapore (Picture courtesy of Ria Tan)

DSCF3307Old timer Squad, Wei Kit educates a visitor about the seeds of a Nipah fruit

‘Ice-kacang’ lovers were pleasantly surprised to know that the ‘attap-chee’ from their  favourite dessert  actually, were actually immature seeds of the mangrove palm tree, Nipah palm!

These seeds are harvested only from the fruits of the mangrove palm and boiled with sugar syrup, giving it sweet but yet hard-jelly texture which we love to eat in our local dessert. Now that’s another reason to conserve mangrove forest in Singapore.

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A frond of the Nipah palm (below),  the Nipah fruit containing immature seeds (left) and a seedling of the Nipah were on display fascinated the Vivocity shoppers

As the more people came to visit the mangrove station, a lot of them were intrigued by the long Rhizophora propagules. Some visitors thought they were mangrove roots, while other had guessed them to be drums and swords! The Squad loves the imagination of these visitors but we have to reveal the functions of the odd-looking propagules of the mangroves. Here’s a Youtube link on the how mangroves propagate to learn more about mangrove reproduction:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1EXSWc9d1WY

Propagules of different shapes and sizes (Picture courtesy of Ria Tan)

1000739_537339919659044_489012873_nThe Squad’s Rick explaining what is a propagule and how mangroves reproduce to some individuals of the public

Another interesting observation that the Squad has learned is that horseshoe crabs are oftenly mistaken by the public as sting rays. Most of the public thought that the crabs were the rays, because they had similar silhouettes but we were there to correct them. Sting rays do not have hard caraspace unlike crabs. Moreover, the tails of the horseshoe crabs do NOT have barbed stings unlike the crabs. More facts about of the horseshoe crabs in this link: http://www.ceoe.udel.edu/horseshoecrab/funfacts.html

petting-pool-with-stingrays-and-horseshoe-crabs-las-vegas-united-states+1152_13622885814-tpfil02aw-22979Note the differences between a sting ray (center of picture)  compared to  horseshoe crabs (top & bottom of picture)

Nevertheless, children and adults  alike were enthralled by the physical characteristic of this living fossil!

DSCF3263Joanna, one of new Squad members had fun educating some individuals on horseshoe crabs

There were also other interesting activities held by other marine groups and the Toddycats from Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research. It was fun working hand-in-hand with some many biodiversity lovers and event volunteers, knowing that we have played a part in educating the public about the amazing natural heritage of Singapore.

DSCF3282The interactive  panels, one of being a mangrove panel , were used as a interactive gameplay with children. Children had to paste  pictures of animals that matched their natural habitats!

DSCF3300The Toddycats volunteers kept themselves busy with a continuous crowd of people looking curiously at their wet and dry specimens from the Raffles Museum

DSCF3280Ria, the Queen  of Intertidal captivates young children on the animals and plants on our shores!

In all, the Squad had a great time educating the public about mangroves in this year’s Festival. We hope to be part of the event again in years to come!

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Coastal ecosystem for carbon storage

A newly-publish paper provides more evidence to mangrove ecosystem function as carbon sink.

This paper pointed out that conversion of the small global extent of mangroves contribute to a large proportion global carbon emission, more than that of tropical rainforest. The paper also estimated the emission of carbon from the conversion of coastal ecosystem.  The ecosystem being discussed in this paper includes tidal marsh, mangroves and seagrass.

“These coastal ecosystems are a tiny ribbon of land, only 6 percent of the land area covered by tropical forest, but the emissions from their destruction are nearly one-fifth of those attributed to deforestation worldwide,”

“One hectare, or roughly two acres of coastal marsh, can contain the same amount of carbon as 488 cars produce in a year. Comparatively, destroying a hectare of mangroves could produce as much greenhouse gas emissions as cutting down three to five hectares of tropical forest.”

Chart: Emissions from conversion of coastal ecosystems
Emissions from conversion of coastal ecosystems

CITATION: Pendleton L, Donato DC, Murray BC, Crooks S, Jenkins WA, et al. (2012) Estimating Global “Blue Carbon” Emissions from Conversion and Degradation of Vegetated Coastal Ecosystems. PLoS ONE 7(9): e43542. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043542

Source: Mongabay.com

 

Mangroves should be part of solution to climate change

 

“…mangrove forests, which globally store 6.5 billion tons of carbon in their biomass and soils despite representing only 0.7 percent of global tropical forests.”

“The ecosystems are known to offer a number of other important services, including buffering coastlines from erosions and storms, serving as a nursery for fisheries, and providing habitat for biodiversity. Mangroves thus form the basis for livelihoods in many parts of the developing world.”

“Mangroves may already fit within the general REDD architecture”

 

CITATION: Juha Siikamäki, James N. Sanchirico, and Sunny L. Jardine. Global economic potential for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from mangrove loss. PNAS July 30, 2012. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1200519109

Read more on http://news.mongabay.com/2012/0802-pnas-redd-mangroves.html#

Source: Mongabay.com

 

 

Mangrove Boardwalk Tour at Pasir Ris, 23rd June 2012 a great success!

Pleasant late afternoon weather drew a keen crowd for the most recent guided walk through the beautiful mangroves at Pasir Ris. A friendly group of guides and assistant guides were on hand to host walkers.

Germaine, Gladys, Oi Yee, Veron, Rick, Melanie and Max

The first group went with Australian mangrove guide Melanie, assistant guide Veron and photographer Max. The excellent signage along the Mangrove paths and boardwalks showed the way.

Melanie points out where the walk will go. (Photo by Max Anderson)

Another group went with experienced and vivacious local guide Oi Yee and assistant Germaine.

photo courtesy of Ivan Kwan

Both groups enjoyed spotting an interesting variety of local animals:

This Rooster (a Red Jungle Fowl) was a bit shy and headed for the bushes!
(Photo courtesy of Ivan Kwan)

Meanwhile, members of Melanie’s group (especially the children ) were enjoying observing some of the smaller mangrove residents:

Can you see the ant?! (Photo by Max Anderson)

We saw lots of spider’s webs. (Photo by Max Anderson)

Larger invertebrates spotted included the always interesting crabs and snails:

Tree crab in its burrow. (Photo by Ivan Kwan)

The Rodong snail – well camouflagued! (Photo by Ivan Kwan)

Of course everyone loves watching the strange mudskippers as they scoot about between the little pools of water and shallow creeks.

Giant mudskipper – keeps its skin, mouth and gills moist so it can breathe when out of water. (Photo by Ivan Kwan)

Whilst plenty of birds were spotted once we all reached the river front, the star attraction was a casually swimming water monitor:

Malayan Water Monitor – not afraid of our group, and going about its business. (Photo by Max Anderson)

Of course none of these animals would be able to live at Pasir Ris without the fabulous mangrove forest itself. This precious patch of mangrove habitat contains a variety of beautiful and fascinating plants:

Different species of mangrove tree use different types of roots to support the tree in its soft muddy environment. Aerial roots absorb oxygen from the air as there is not enough oxygen in the waterlogged soil. (Photo by Max Anderson)

Bukua kurup tree (Rhizophora sp) with hanging propagules. These are seeds that have already germinated whilst still on the tree. When they drop, they are dispersed by water / tides to a new patch of mud where they take root. (Photo by Ivan Kwan)Attractive sea holly plants (photo by Max Anderson)

This beautiful Finlayson’s cymbidium orchid was flowering at the entrance to the walk. (Photo by Ivan Kwan)

When you slow down and look closely, you can see other living things such as these pretty bracket fungi. (Photo by Max Anderson)

As always, the people who came along were enthusiastic about learning more about Singapore’s mangrove habitats. Many enjoyed the photography opportunities, or just relaxing in nature.

So much to see on the forest floor. (Photo by Ivan Kwan)

Lots to see in the canopy too. (Photo by Max Anderson)

participants even got to sample a dessert (attap Chee), made from the seeds of the Nipah Palm. (Photo by Max Anderson)

There are few mangrove forests left in Singapore. Beautiful, interesting and important – worth protecting!

Pasir Ris mangrove forest. An oasis in suburban Singapore. (Photo by Max Anderson)

FREE Pasir Ris Mangrove Boardwalk Tour on 23rd June 2012 (Saturday)

Join the Squad on 23rd June 2012 (Saturday) as we share our knowledge on the amazing critters and plants of Pasir Ris mangrove! Children and adults equally welcomed to join our walk.

If we are lucky, we may encounter hornbills in the park as we did during our last guided walk.

Besides the tour, children visitors will  also have a chance to express their creativity and thoughts on the amazing plants and animals  of Pasir Ris mangrove with a coloring session. Colour pencils and papers will be provided.

A child’s interpretation of the biodiversity of Pasir Ris mangroves (Picture courtesy of Naked Hermit Crabs)

We are also introducing a brief and interactive dialogue session featuring Gladys Chua, a  Mang-rover in our Squad.

The session is titled “Kids & Conservation in the 21st Century”

Gladys currently works as  a Community Outreach Officer at Animal Concerns Research and Education Society (ACRES) and she’s very passionate about everything conservation biology!

Both children and adults can join this session and raise questions and discuss topics pertaining to the title of the dialogue. 

FAQs for the walk

Q: Who and how many can sign up for the walks?

A: ALL are welcomed including families, small groups or  individuals! The more, the merrier!

Q: Date & time

A: Date: 23rd June  2012 (Saturday)
      Time: 5.00pm-7.00pm
                    5.00-6.15pm (Guided walk)
                    6.15-7.00pm (Colouring & Dialogue Session)

Meeting point: Pasir Ris Park, Carpark C, meet near the first toilets nearest the entrance to the carpark. The meeting point is a short stroll from the Pasir Ris MRT station. Pasir Ris is a very long park with many carparks from A to E. Do look at the map to be sure you are heading for the correct carpark, Carpark C!

Kindly sign-up for the 23th June walk  HERE.

Other FAQs (adapted from FAQ of Naked Hermit Crabs)

Q: Suitable attire?
A: Comfortable outdoors clothes, cap/hat (on a sunny day) and normal walking shoes. There may be mosquitoes in the mangroves, so you might want to wear long pants and a long-sleeved shirt or bring your own mosquito repellent.

Q: What should I bring?
A: Rain gear, sunglasses (on a sunny day), camera, binoculars (if available) lots of water (at least 500ml) and snacks (especially for those prone to low blood sugar). If you want to continue to explore the mangroves on your own after our walk, you might want to bring a small torch (for evening walks only).

Q: What if I am late?
A: Just catch up with us on the boardwalk! We will start from the entrance closest to Carpark C (with red star on the image below) and take the first right turn towards the Mangrove Jetty on Sungei Tampines. We will end the walk near the pond.

See map http://www.streetdirectory.com/asia_travel/travel/travel_id_29787/travel_site_143129/

Q: What if it is bad weather (rain and/or thunderstorms) ?
A: This is a rain-or-shine event. Mangrove Action Squad members will be there at regardless of the weather. Unless it is a heavy rain with thunderstorms, usually we are able to resume the walk once the rain stops. Please come prepared with raingear  (raincoat, poncho). You make your own decision whether to come or not in the event of bad weather.

Looking forward to your sign-ups and your presence during our walks on the 23rd June! See you!!

Pasir Ris mangrove guided walk @9th June 2012

Last Saturday,  the Squad conducted our  inaugural guided walk  for the public at Pasir Ris mangrove boardwalk. Our guides were Melanie, Germaine, Rick and Sankar while our photographer was Max (Melanie’s son). Although there was a slight drizzle in the morning prior to the walk, the weather did not dampen the spirit of some our visitors who have signed-up for the walk on 9th June 2012.

During the guided walk, Melanie and Germaine pointed out some the usual animals found the mangroves and talked a little about the biology of these animals.

Melanie telling visitors about the physical environment of a typical mangrove

A mangrove crab coming out from its burrow

The children enjoyed looking at the mangroves crabs and their burrows. Of course, they wanted to have a closer look of the crabs from the boardwalk.

Visitors on the lookout for mangrove animals from the boardwalk

One of the child visitors spotted a creature swimming in a creek that looks like a frog and a fish. As he took a closer look at the animal….

A child used a pair of binoculars  to view an animal from the boardwalk

which turned out to be none other than a mudskipper! A Giant mudskipper to be exact…

A swimming Giant mudskipper

Of course the plants along Pasir Ris mangrove boardwalk were not also not forgotten!

Melanie talked to the children visitors about the Pong-pong (Cerbera odollam) fruit

Leaf insectivory was also explained during the walk

Before the guides could talk more about mangrove plants, Sankar alerted the other guides about the presence of two Oriental Pied hornbills in the mangrove! For first time visitors to the park, this is a rare sighting and of course, our visitors were extremely excited with their presence during our walk.

These birds, most probably a breeding pair, were sighted collecting materials such as natural debris, which is  most probably used to build their nest

As the visitors arrived the mangrove observation jetty at the end of walk, more animals were observed…..

A malayan water monitor lizard (Varanus salvator) was observed swimming along Sungei Tampines (Tampines River)

The bird fauna was also seen (but not captured by our lens). They include the usual and charismatic grey herons, little herons. Sankar also managed to point out a raptor-like bird perching on a tree branch opposite of the jetty.

Pasir Ris mangrove is indeed rich in biodiversity with the different animals and plants observed during the walk!

After the walk, visitors, especially children expressed their love and concern for Pasir Ris mangrove in their drawings!

One of the children visitors, I-Shiuo drew a mangrove crab on his drawing sheet!

Tiara, 6, drawing what looks like to be Earth and its connection to mangroves!

Our children visitors are extremely creative. Have a look at a  drawing depecting the biodiversity of Pasir Ris mangrove.  Tell us what do you think of them?

Check out also the other drawings from the kids: mangroveactionsquad’s photostream

For those who want to join our  FREE Pasir Ris  mangrove boardwalk tour , we are conducting another session on the 23rd June 2012 (Saturday)

Time: 5pm-6.30pm  (Evening walk)

Meeting point: Pasir Ris Park, Carpark C, meet near the first toilets nearest the entrance to the carpark.

ALL are welcomed including families, small groups or  individuals! The more, the merrier!

Kindly sign-up for the 23th June walk  HERE.

For more information, kindly visit https://mangroveactionsquad.wordpress.com/2012/05/31/free-pasir-ris-mangrove-boardwalk-tours-on-9th-23rd-june-2012/


FREE Pasir Ris Mangrove Boardwalk Tours on 9th & 23rd June 2012

In collaboration with Naked Hermit Crabs, Mangrove Action Squad will be conducting free guided walks for the public at Pasir Ris mangrove boardwalk on  the 9th (Saturday) and on the 23rd (Saturday)  June 2012.

Join in the fun as we explore the magnificent mangrove and its wildlife on the boardwalk.

Learn more about the the mangrove ecosystem as you take a stroll on the boardwalk!

Curious visitors of Pasir Ris Mangroves having a look the fascinating mangrove animals and plants of Pasir Ris (Picture courtesy of Naked Hermit Crabs)

Take this opportunity to have a closer look at the mangrove fauna in Pasir Ris mangrove which includes some interesting animals such as…..

Mud-crab

Blue-spotted mudskipper seen in Pasir Ris Park. (Picture courtesy of Kok Sheng)

White-collared kingfisher (Picture courtesy of David Behrens).

If we are lucky, rarely seen animals such otters and mud lobsters could be observed!

Mud lobster (Picture courtesy of Ron Yeo)

The amazing array of mangrove plants  in Pasir Ris Park  is also not be forgotten. Join us as we talk about these amazing plants, their structural differences and adaptations to the muddy soils of the mangroves!

The iconic Rhizophora prop roots are to be seen in Pasir Ris! (Picture courtesy of Ron Yeo)

Why certain mangrove plants grow these pencil-like structures? We will tell you all about these presence of these roots. (Photo courtesy of Meredith Cosgrove)

Flowers of a Sonneratia. Aren’t they pretty? (Picture courtesy of Ria Tan from Wild Singapore)

Bright red flowers of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza which are blooming in June will be an interesting sight to see in Pasir Ris mangrove

Besides the tour, children visitors will  also have a chance to express their creativity and thoughts on the amazing plants and animals  of Pasir Ris mangrove with a coloring session. Colour pencils and papers will be provided.

A child’s interpretation of the biodiversity of Pasir Ris mangroves (Picture courtesy of Naked Hermit Crabs)

Kindly sign-up for the 23th June walk  HERE.

Details of the walks

Who and how many can sign up for the walks?

ALL are welcomed including families, small groups or  individuals! The more, the merrier!

Dates & times

 9th June 2012  (Saturday) Time: 11am-12.30pm (Morning/Afternoon walk)
23rd June  2012 (Saturday) Time: 5pm-6.30pm  (Evening walk)

Meeting point: Pasir Ris Park, Carpark C, meet near the first toilets nearest the entrance to the carpark. The meeting point is a short stroll from the Pasir Ris MRT station. Pasir Ris is a very long park with many carparks from A to E. Do look at the map to be sure you are heading for the correct carpark, Carpark C!

Kindly sign-up for the 23th June walk  HERE.

Looking forward to your sign-ups and your presence during our walks!
Other FAQs (adapted from FAQ of Naked Hermit Crabs)

Q: Suitable attire?
A: Comfortable outdoors clothes, cap/hat (on a sunny day) and normal walking shoes. There may be mosquitoes in the mangroves, so you might want to wear long pants and a long-sleeved shirt or bring your own mosquito repellent.

Q: What should I bring?
A: Rain gear, sunglasses (on a sunny day), camera, lots of water (at least 500ml) and snacks (especially for those prone to low blood sugar). If you want to continue to explore the mangroves on your own after our walk, you might want to bring a small torch (for evening walks only).

Q: What if I am late?
A: Just catch up with us on the boardwalk! We will start from the entrance closest to Carpark C (with red star on the image below) and take the first right turn towards the Mangrove Jetty on Sungei Tampines. We will end the walk near the pond.

See map http://www.streetdirectory.com/asia_travel/travel/travel_id_29787/travel_site_143129/

Q: What if it is bad weather (rain and/or thunderstorms) ?
A: This is a rain-or-shine event. Mangrove Action Squad members will be there at regardless of the weather. Unless it is a heavy rain with thunderstorms, usually we are able to resume the walk once the rain stops. Please come prepared with rainwear (raincoat, poncho). You make your own decision whether to come or not in the event of bad weather.

Are Singapore’s mangroves to remain ecologically-sustainable over the long-term?

In conjunction with the World Migratory Bird Day on 12 May 2012, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve (SBWR) organized several talks and an exhibition to celebrate the World Migratory Bird Day and   its role as  a roosting ground for migratory birds.

Although migratory birds were made the main focus of the event, mangroves and its mudflats that provide habitats for the birds were not neglected during the celebration.

Mangrove Maestro a.k.a. Dr. Dan Friess held an educational talk to SBWR’s visitors on the state of Singapore’s mangroves and how the public volunteers can assist NParks in their investigation of the current state the mangroves.

Title of Dan’s talk

Dan introducing title of his talk to his attentive audience

Highlights of the talk

Dan talked about mangrove loss around the world and in Singapore itself.

Evidence statements of mangrove loss worldwide

A substantial decline of Singapore mangroves was recorded since  the 1950s.

Singapore has lost a lot  of mangroves over the past 50 years. In addition, our mangroves  have been and are currently facing threats to their survival. To illustrate the threats faced by Singapore mangroves, Dan has used Mandai mangrove as a case-study to exemplify the threats.

List of threats faced by mangroves of Singapore

Sea level rise  (SLR) threat: mangrove  would survive and expand when the increase in surface elevation > increase in SLR.

Otherwise,  mangrove degradation and erosion, as seen in Mandai and Sg Buloh is  due to surface elevation < increase in SLR.

Sea level rise is dependent on surface elevation and sea level ; these factors affect life and death of a mangrove patch.

Damming of Kranji River has caused  a major loss of sediment input for Northwest Singapore mangroves including Mandai and Sg. Buloh-therefore leading to erosion i.e. reduced sediment input vs. sediment output

Dan also talked about the impacts on coastal reclamation which have led to disconnection of mangroves i.e. fragmentation  mangrove areas. For example, Mandai mangrove and SBWR are no longer connected as a Northwestern mangrove patch.

Another threat to survivability of mangroves: fragmentation!

So why mangrove  fragmentation is bad?

Mangrove fragmentation would eventually  lead to disturbance of  flora and fauna species near the edges of a mangrove patch. Sensitive animals would not be able to cross over to another mangrove patch to search for food, mating partners, etc and therefore may not survive.

Plant wise, some mangrove tree species disperse their young i.e. propagules to different places via water dispersal. Therefore, if  mangrove patches are disconnected, mangrove trees cannot disperse their propagules to neighbouring mangrove patches.

Different mangrove propagules of different mangrove species found in Singapore. Picture courtesy of Ria Tan from Wild Singapore

Rhizophora propagules disperse via water currents

Dan channeling his ‘wit’ by placing a Sonneratia propagule over his nose!

Illustration on how fragmented mangroves will influence the dispersal properties of mangrove plants

The disconnection often leads to short-term sustainability of mangroves i.e. mangroves will eventually die! Noooooooo….

Therefore, NUS and NParks are collaborating on several projects to investigate the scale of mangrove fragmentation  in Singapore by predicting  the sustainability of  Singapore’s mangrove.

Effects of mangrove fragmentation on mangrove dispersal

How  do we investigate the fragmentation status of Singapore’s mangroves?

Fruiting  and flowering seasons of our mangroves will be studied. Meanwhile, NUS PhD student Alison Wee is currently conducting research on gene flow of our mangroves.

Combined with data from a hydrodynamic model, the extent of the fragmentation in Singapore’s mangrove will be better understood in order to mitigate plans to save and conserve our mangroves from further loss.

Studying fragmentation of Singapore’s mangrove from several aspects

HELP NEEDED!

You CAN play a role in the project! How? NParks is looking for public volunteers who are interested to help collect, count and sort propagules of mangrove trees in SBWR.

Volunteers can assist this project by several ways

Please contact Dr. Friess at dan.friess@nus.edu.sg  if you are interested to help out with the project.

Andy has been kind enough to record the whole-length of the talk (thanks Andy!), feel free to watch the talk below: